Sunday, April 05, 2015

Saint John The Baptist In The Wilderness: Cragg Vale,West Yorkshire.

JER
Me & Cath took these photos today.
Child labour became the norm. Now began the mill owners infamous abuses. At one time or another from 1740 to the early 20th Century there have existed around 11 mills in Cragg. Turvin, Victoria, and Pepper Bank mills on Turvin Brook; Marshaw (opposite the Hinchliffe Arms) with New and Vale mills in Withens Clough. Next down Elphin Brook were Castle, Paper (opposite the Robin Hood Inn), Cragg, Hoo Hole, and Scar Bottom mill (Mytholmroyd).
By the 1820s these were no place for any decent human, let alone the children of the poor. "If there is one place in England that needed legislative interference it is this place; for they work 15 and 16 hours a day frequently, and sometimes all night. Oh! it is a murderous system and the mill owners are the pest and disgrace of society..!"
 It is on record that children died at their work in the mills of Cragg. Died from long hours and harsh treatments handed out. While the mill owners William Greenwood ('Old Billy Hard Times') and the Hinchliffe family amassed their fortunes. It took the 1833 factory act just to begin to address the appalling abuse of child labour and workers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cragg_Vale